The city boomed as a connection between Chattanooga to Augusta and Savannah. As a hub, the town quickly grew in the 1800’s and was targeted by the Union as a railway and military supply hub. It was burned down on November 11, 1964; it would survive another great fire in 1917. But it rose from the ashes and during reconstruction became a center of African-American education thanks to the creation of Morehouse College, Clark University, Spelman College, and Morris Brown College. Atlanta came to symbolize a move away from the agrarian, slavery-dominated South and a reflection of new possibilities and opportunities. But the concept of the New South would run into obstacles as reconstruction was suppressed.
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